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social impacts of christchurch earthquake 2011


[237], In the year to June 2011, the population of Christchurch had fallen by 8,900 people or 2.4% of its population, with a historic annual population growth of 1%. It was followed by a large aftershock on 13 June (which caused considerable additional damage) and a series of large shocks on 23 December 2011. Parliamentary LibraryPrivate Bag 18041Parliament BuildingsWellington 6160T: +64 4 817 9647 Within two hours of the quake national co-ordination was operating from the National Crisis Management Centre located in the basement of the Beehive in Wellington.[119]. [89], Several areas in and around Christchurch were deemed infeasible to rebuild due to earthquake damage resulting from soil liquefaction and rockslides. [141] The United Kingdom sent a 53 strong search and rescue team including nine Welsh firefighters who had assisted the rescue effort during the 2010 Haiti earthquake. Water and wastewater services were disrupted throughout the city, with authorities urging residents to conserve water and collect rainwater. On 23 February, Hotel Grand Chancellor, Christchurch's tallest hotel, was reported to be on the verge of collapse. ScienceDirect ® is a registered trademark of Elsevier B.V. ScienceDirect ® is a registered trademark of Elsevier B.V. An overview of the impacts of the 2010-2011 Canterbury earthquakes. Provisional annual data also indicated that suicides in Christchurch City declined in 2012/13. Three RNZAF Bell UH-1H Iroquois helicopters were also used to transport Police, VIP's and aid to locations around Christchurch. Within this context, the divorce rate per 100,000 in Christchurch increased from 211 during 2010 to 249 in 2011, and 261 the following year. There was extensive damage as a result of the MM9 shaking, particularly to buildings and infrastructure, but fortunately there were no deaths. [187], Pope Benedict XVI issued an announcement on the earthquake in a statement during his Wednesday audience on 23 February, stating that he was praying for the dead and the injured victims of the devastating earthquake, and encouraging those involved in the rescue efforts. Liquefaction is when water-saturated sediment temporarily loses it's strength and acts like a liquid. [97] Three deaths were reported in the Sumner area, according to the Sumner Chief Fire Officer. [209], 163 primary and secondary schools were affected by the earthquake, most of which were closed for three weeks; 90 had full structural clearance and were able to reopen, 24 had reports indicating further assessment and 11 were seriously damaged. A decision was made to remove the dome because the supporting structure was weakened. The largest was a 5.9-magnitude tremor which occurred just under two hours after the main earthquake. [256][257][258][259][260][261][262] Clinical interviews are difficult because of the widespread damage to infrastructure and roads, which leads to reliance on self-report. He added that the thoughts and prayers of the Commonwealth were with the citizens of New Zealand, and Christchurch especially. [258][262] It's thought that natural disasters, such as earthquakes, are able to induce these positive effects because they affect an entire community, in comparison to an event that targets only an individual. [79], The historic Canterbury Provincial Council Buildings were severely damaged, with the Stone Chamber completely collapsing.[14][80]. (2012) Liquefaction impacts in residential areas in the 2010-2011 Christchurch earthquakes. Figures reported in 2013 indicated such violence had continued to increase. [262] The displacement of large numbers of citizens following a trauma poses as a problem for researchers of natural disasters. The 2011 Inter Dominion harness racing series was scheduled to be held at Addington Raceway in March and April however the series was instead contested in Auckland. They took into account a technical investigation undertaken by the Department of Building and Housing. Positive effects, such as a greater sense of community connection, can aide in helping the community heal as a whole. [205], On the day of the earthquake, the main secondary school teachers' union, the Post Primary Teachers Association, had arranged a paid union meeting to be held that afternoon for members in the Christchurch area.

The epicenter of the quake was approximately 3 miles from the city center of Christchurch. [69] Since 15 August 2013 the cathedral congregation has worshipped at the Cardboard Cathedral.

More specifically, changes in the population’s composition occurred. The department responded to the situation by activating their crisis plan, forming 20 trauma teams. JPMorgan Chase & Co say the total overall losses related to this earthquake may be US$12 billion. Pacific island environmental issues 268. People are in shock and are shaken after massive 7.1 magnitude earthquake hit Christchurch, and the city is still being rocked by aftershocks. [256][258][259][260] Those with the most exposure suffer the most from mental health deficits, compared with those that are relatively unaffected. [12][21], The peak ground acceleration (PGA) in central Christchurch exceeded 1.8g (i.e. Rhodes, B., & Becker, L. (2013). [207] All courses expected to resume by 28 March, with plans for the April break to be shortened by two weeks to make up for lost time. Fires can start caused by heavy friction or gas pipes leaking, leading to explosions, Coastal earthquakes can have tsunamis as an after-effect, Natural or man-made landmarks of significance may be lost.

"[19], While both the 2010 and 2011 earthquakes occurred on "blind" or unknown faults, New Zealand's Earthquake Commission had, in a 1991 report, predicted moderate earthquakes in Canterbury with the likelihood of associated liquefaction. (2015).

Statistics New Zealand's main urban area definition for Christchurch includes Kaiapoi, which belongs to Waimakariri District, and Prebbleton, which belongs to Selwyn District. [7] Fire-fighting and recovery operations resumed that night,[58] later joined by a Japanese search and rescue squad. So, I thought it would be worthwhile going through the economic ramifications of the earthquake from the immediate effects to long term. Finance Minister Bill English advised that the effects of the 2011 quake were likely to be more costly than the September 2010 quake. [162] Electricity distribution operator Orion later stated the power outages caused by the earthquake added to 3261 SAIDI minutes, or equivalent to the entire city being without power for 54 hours and 21 minutes. Erskine, N., Daley, V., Stevenson, Su. People are in shock and are shaken after massive 7.1 magnitude earthquake hit Christchurch, and the city is still being rocked by aftershocks. [143][144] China sent a 10-member specialist rescue team. Prospective predictors of short-term adjustment after the Canterbury earthquakes: Personality and depression.

[16], The current New Zealand building code requires a building with a 50-year design life to withstand predicted loads of a 500-year event. Looking at territorial areas only, i.e. Rate this tile. The Christchurch earthquake of 2011 had widespread mental health effects on the population. A second team of 70 from Queensland, Queensland Task Force 1, (including three sniffer dogs),was sent the following day on board a RAAF C-17 . EQC chief executive Ian Simpson said that the $4 billion cap for each earthquake is unlikely to be exceeded by the costs of residential building and land repairs, so $3 billion would be left in the EQC's Natural Disaster Fund after payouts. Different demographics may benefit from different types of mental counseling to help them recover from trauma. [168] Waste water and sewerage systems were severely damaged. Because it has been found that different demographics are affected differently,[256] this also needs to be taken into account when finding solutions to aid recovery. Dorahy, M.J., Rowlands, A., Renouf, C., Hanna, D., Britt, E., & Carter, J.D. ... We will be doing everything we can to work with our New Zealand family, with Prime Minister Key and his emergency services personnel, his military officers, his medical people, his search and rescue teams. A key reason for this is that a double blow often occurs. [156], Australia's foreign minister Kevin Rudd told Sky News that New Zealand's Foreign Affairs Minister Murray McCully had asked for further help from Australia.

It was the middle of a working day and many people were at school or work, having lunch or running errands. The last survivor was pulled from the rubble the day after the quake. [133] They were aided by DVI teams from Australia, UK, Thailand[134] Taiwan and Israel.[133]. Official visitation teams were organised by Civil Defence and there were engineers or assessors from EQC. According to this data, 68 suicides occurred during 2012/13 compared with 81 the previous year. Site-sharing plans were made to enable affected schools to relocate, while 9 "learning hubs" were established throughout the city to provide resources and support for students needing to work from home.
There were changes in reported crime patterns with more reported around shopping malls and suburbs such as Riccarton, Merivale, and Addington. [243][244][245], Claims from the 2010 shock were estimated at NZ$2.75–3.5 billion.

Rates of clinically significant nicotine dependence were 1.9 times higher in the group of people most affected by earthquakes compared to those not affected by quakes”. More than 361 aftershocks occurred in the first week following the 6.3-magnitude earthquake. Due to the extensive damage of a number of secondary schools, many were forced to share with others, allowing one school to use the ground in the morning and the other in the afternoon. [19] 80% of the water and sewerage system was severely damaged. Prezi… The proposals were heavily criticised for relying on incorrect information,[218] leading one school, Phillipstown Primary, to seek a judicial review over its proposed merger with Woolston Primary. The increased liquefaction caused significant ground movement, undermining many foundations and destroying infrastructure, damage which "may be the greatest ever recorded anywhere in a modern city".

This shaking was significantly greater than the levels Christchurch's structures had been designed to withstand. [166][167] Mains water supply was re-established to 70% of households within one week. However, total reported family violence offences in the Canterbury District increased from 262 during February 2011 to 291 the following month before falling to 253 in May. It is the third time the census has been cancelled in New Zealand; the other occasions occurred in 1931, due to the Great Depression, and in 1941 due to World War II. For personal effects, EQC pays out the first NZ$20,000 plus tax. [101], Twelve streets in Redcliffs were evacuated on the night of 24 February 2015 after some cliffs and hills surrounding Redcliffs were deemed unstable.

[153], The army also operated desalination plants to provide water to the eastern suburbs. The crew of the Navy ship Canterbury, in Lyttelton harbour at the time of the earthquake, provided meals for 1,000 people left homeless in that town,[151] and accommodation for a small number of locals. The second civic office building of Christchurch City Council, Our City, had already been damaged in the September earthquake and was heavily braced following the February event.

Government expressed its concern over the stalemate and appointed an independent negotiator and in September 2017, the Christchurch Diocesan Synod announced that ChristChurch Cathedral will be reinstated[67] after promises of extra grants and loans from local and central government.

A team from the University of Otago's Center for Sustainability has produced a paper examining the short and long-term impacts of post-earthquake cordons, using data … [75] Demolition was completed in May 2012. A Mw6.2 (ML6.3) earthquake occurred in Christchurch on Tuesday 22 February 2011[2] at 12:51 p.m. local time[9] (23:51 UTC, 21 February). Total recorded crime in the Canterbury District fell from 52,981 in 2009 to 40,393 in 2013.

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